Turandot is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini, completed by Franco Alfano, set to a libretto in Italian by Giuseppe Adami and Renato Simoni.
Though Puccini’s first interest in the subject was based on his reading of Friedrich Schiller’s adaptation of the play, his work is most nearly based on the earlier text Turandot by Carlo Gozzi. The original story is based on the epic Turan-Dokht from the book Haft-Peykar, work of 12th-century Persian poet Nizami. The opera’s story is set in China and involves Prince Calàf, who falls in love with the cold Princess Turandot. To obtain permission to marry her, a suitor has to solve three riddles; any false answer results in death. Calàf passes the test, but Turandot still hesitates to marry him. He offers her a way out: he agrees to die should she be able to guess his real name.
The opera was unfinished at the time of Puccini’s death in 1924, and was completed by Franco Alfano in 1926. The first performance was held at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan on 25 April 1926 and conducted by Arturo Toscanini. This performance included only Puccini’s music and not Alfano’s additions. The first performance of the opera as completed by Alfano was the following night.

  • albanese-licia-as-liu
    Albanese, Licia as Liú
    Italian soprano (1909-2014)
  • bagnariol-antonio-as-calaf
    Bagnariol, Antonio as Calaf
    Italian tenor (1890-1967)
  • battaglia-francesco-as-calaf
    Battaglia, Francesco as Calaf
    Italian tenor (1898-1968)
  • borkh-inge-as-turandot
    Borkh, Inge as Turandot
    German soprano (1921)
  • cigna-gina-as-turandot
    Cigna, Gina as Turandot
    Italian soprano (1900-2001)
  • dua-octave-as-limperatore-altoum
    Dua, Octave as L'imperatore Altoum
    Belgian tenor (1882-1952)
  • guerrini-adriana-as-turandot
    Guerrini, Adriana as Turandot
    Italian soprano (1907-1970)
  • guichandut-carlos-as-calaf
    Guichandut, Carlos as Calaf
    Argentinian tenor (1914-1990)
  • hunter-rita-as-turandot
    Hunter, Rita as Turandot
    English soprano (1933-2001)
  • jacobo-clara-as-turandot
    Jacobo, Clara as Turandot
    Italian soprano (1898-1966)
  • jeritza-maria-as-turandot
    Jeritza, Maria as Turandot
    Moravian soprano (1887-1982)
  • king-james-as-calaf
    King, James as Calaf
    American tenor (1925-2005)
  • konya-sandor-as-calaf
    Kónya, Sándor as Calaf
    Hungarian tenor (1923-2002)
  • kuchta-gladys-as-turandot
    Kuchta, Gladys as Turandot
    American soprano (1915-1998)
  • lauri-volpi-giacomo-as-calaf
    Lauri-Volpi, Giacomo as Calaf
    Italian tenor (1892-1979)
  • lehmann-lotte-as-turandot
    Lehmann, Lotte as Turandot
    German soprano (1888-1976)
  • lindi-aroldo-as-calaf
    Lindi, Aroldo as Calaf
    Italian tenor (1888-1944)
  • midgley-walter-as-calaf
    Midgley, Walter as Calaf
    English tenor (1913-1980)
  • milanov-zinka-as-turandot
    Milanov, Zinka as Turandot
    Croatian soprano (1906-1989)
  • moffo-anna-as-liu
    Moffo, Anna as Liú
    Italian-American soprano (1932-2006)
  • nemeth-maria-as-turandot
    Nemeth, Maria as Turandot
    Hungarian soprano (1897-1967)
  • nilsson-birgit-as-turandot
    Nilsson, Birgit as Turandot
    Swedish soprano (1918-2005)
  • schech-marianne-as-turandot
    Schech, Marianne as Turandot
    German soprano (1914-1999)
  • schone-lotte-as-liu
    Schöne, Lotte as Liú
    French-Austrian soprano (1891-1977)
  • spiess-ludovico-as-calaf
    Spiess, Ludovico as Calaf
    Romanian tenor (1938-2006)
  • vecray-huberte-as-turandot
    Vecray, Huberte as Turandot
    Belgian soprano (1923-2009)
  • verteneuil-victor-as-calaf
    Verteneuil, Victor as Calaf
    Belgian tenor (1895-1973)
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